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Monday, September 27, 2021

Farm laws Ten phases of ten months, the farmers' movement against agricultural laws stretched like this

On the completion of ten months of the farmers' movement, today the United Kisan Morcha has announced a Bharat Bandh. The farmers movement is being called the longest lasting movement in the world. Let us know which such incidents or milestones came during the last ten months, due to which the peasant movement dragged on for so long.

1. Negotiation proposal rejected only after leaving Delhi border

On November 28, Home Minister Amit Shah proposed to the farmers of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan sitting on the borders of Delhi from November 25 that as soon as the farmers leave the Delhi borders and go to the protest site of Burari, they will be discussed. But the farmers rejected the offer expressing distrust and demanded that they be allowed to protest at Delhi's Jantar Mantar. In this way, from November 25 onwards, farmers continued to remain on the Delhi borders.

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2. There was no talk of amending the law even

The government spoke to the farmers for the first time on December 3 but no solution was found. Then on 9th and 11th December there was talk. This time the government proposed that they can make some amendments in the new agricultural laws, but the United Kisan Morcha rejected this proposal and reiterated the demand for complete withdrawal of the new law. Later, a proposal was made to the organizations to keep the law on hold for 18 months from the government, which they rejected.

3. Supreme Court's stay on the implementation of the law

On January 12, the Supreme Court, while hearing the petition of farmer organizations, ordered the Center not to implement the new agriculture law. Simultaneously, a committee of four members was formed which would listen to both the sides and give their advice on the law. At the same time, the Supreme Court said that farmers have the right to protest against the law. On the other hand, the government accepted the demand of the farmers not to change the law related to electricity but stuck to the new agricultural laws.

4. Demand for MSP increased controversy

When the farmers were going to have a month on the border of Delhi, proposals for talks were also coming from the government. Then the matter got dragged on the MSP. In a letter sent by the Ministry of Agriculture on December 23, the farmers were told that the government is ready for talks, but you are requested to drop issues like MSP for talks as it has nothing to do with the new agriculture law. On this, the United Kisan Morcha had said that the demand for legal guarantee on MSP is an issue related to the repeal of the new agricultural laws which cannot be separated. Controversy escalated after this issue.

5. Red Fort Violence and Tikait's Tears

The two-month-long agitation turned violent on 26 January, in which a farmer was killed in the tractor question. A mob of youths who entered the Red Fort complex indulged in violence, leading to protests by supporters of the protest. After this incident some organizations withdrew the protest. Fearing legal action, many tents were uprooted. On the third day, an emotional video of Rakesh Tikait went viral, in which he spoke about not leaving the protest site at any cost. This statement of Tikait made a big impact among the farmers and soon hundreds of farmers returned to the Ghazipur border, which gave life to the dharna.

6. Anger increased due to barricading, toolkit got a boost

After the Red Fort violence, strong barricading was done on the Delhi border, even nails were buried on the roads. Such pictures created a lot of space on social media and were criticized for linking them to war frontiers. This created an atmosphere in support of the farmers. On the other hand, during this time the central government claimed that a tool kit was made for the Red Fort violence. Environmental activist Disha Ravi was arrested in this case. Thanvarg and other international personalities tweeted, adding to the matter.

7. Chautala's support to the movement slowed down in the second wave

The farmers returned to Punjab with a few tractors filled during the first week of April due to the second wave and transplanting time. On 15 April, Haryana Deputy Chief Minister Dushyant Chautala wrote a letter to the Prime Minister urging him to start talks with the farmers. The farmers of Haryana considered this support from the allies of the government as their victory. On the completion of six months of the agitation in May, Tikait said, if the government does not agree, the movement will continue till 2024.

8. Farmer's Parliament gave a new status

The farmers started small demonstrations continuously after the birthday of revolutionary Bhagat Singh. On 26 June, on completion of seven months, a plan was made to march to Delhi, which claimed to have arrested a large number of farmers from different states. Then the Kisan Sangathan ran a parallel Kisan Sansad at the beginning of the Parliament session. In which every day 200 farmers used to hold this Parliament at Jantar Mantar. The activity received a lot of support from the opposition and the media.

9. Challenging Vote Injury by Mahapanchayat

The biggest event of the farmers movement in recent times was held on September 5 in Muzaffarnagar in the form of Kisan Mahapanchayat. Here the farmers' organizations announced in front of the farmers that they would campaign against the government in the upcoming elections. Rakesh Tikait made a statement that now the government will be given the injury of the vote. The opposition supported the mahapanchayat, although the leader of any opposition party was not allowed to share the stage.

10. Successful Dharna Against Karnal Violence

Immediately after the Mahapanchayat, from 7 September, the farmers started a sit-in in Karnal and demanded action against the local administration. In fact, on August 28, a case of lathi charge on farmers came to light allegedly on the orders of a police officer in Karnal. The incident claimed the death of a farmer. After five days of farmers' dharna, the government bowed down and a judicial inquiry was set up by suspending the officer. This victory has increased the confidence of the farmers who are giving competition to the government.